(The Conversation is an independent and nonprofit source of news, analysis and commentary from academic experts.) Frances Tilney Burke, Tufts University (THE CONVERSATION) President Donald Trump recently announced his plan to dispatch National Guard troops to the southern border to assist with security efforts. The Army National Guard is the oldest defense force in the nation, formed in 1636 as three militia regiments in the Massachusetts Bay Colony armed to defend against the Pequot Indians. The actual term “National Guard” was first used in 1824 for New York state militia units who wished to honor the Marquis de Lafayette and his French National Guard. The title was officially adopted in 1903 and describes the force which, unusually, falls under both federal and state control. The National Guard – both Army and Air – is the only military force that is shared by the states and the federal government, and both the president and state governors can order … [Read more...] about Remind us: What exactly is the National Guard?
Who controls the national guard
WASHINGTON—Defense Secretary James N. Mattis has signed an order to send up to 4,000 National Guard troops to the U.S.-Mexico border but barred them from interacting with migrants detained by the Border Patrol in most circumstances.The order, issued in response to President Donald Trump’s call for using troops to stem illegal immigration, specifies that National Guard troops will assist the Department of Homeland Security along the border but not perform law enforcement missions and will be armed only when necessary for self-defense.Given the restrictions, it’s unclear if the Guard units will play a significant role in Trump administration efforts to lock down the border. The Border Patrol has more than 19,000 sworn agents, although not all are assigned in the Southwest, and illegal immigration is at its lowest level in decades.Trump portrayed it as a victory, however. “We are sealing up our Southern Border,” he said Saturday on Twitter. “The people … [Read more...] about Mattis authorizes up to 4,000 National Guard troops for US border with Mexico
The Department of Defense is working with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection to work out details for placing National Guard troops at the Mexican border, Rep. Mike Johnson, a member of the House Judiciary Committee, said Friday. "We've been urging the president since he took the oath of office to be serious about border security and he has been," the Louisiana Republican told Fox News' "Happening Now." "It's been a major priority of his. He's said it all along, even on the campaign trail and following through with that. We applaud it." The departments who are working on the issue have set up a new cell through the Pentagon to work with logistics to determine exactly how many troops and what their operations will be, said Johnson. "We know they will help with surveillance and help with operational support, fleet mechanics and maybe some air surveillance, which would be a big help as well," said Johnson of the National Guard troops. "We know that Customs and Border Protection … [Read more...] about Rep. Mike Johnson: DOD, Customs Working on National Guard Plan
Border Patrol agent Eduardo Olmos walks near the secondary fence separating Tijuana, Mexico, background, and San Diego in San Diego in 2006. (AP Photo/Gregory Bull, File)Utah National Guard soldiers work on extending a border fence in San Luis, Ariz. in 2006. (AP Photo/Khampha Bouaphanh)Members of the 200th Red Horse Air National Guard Civil Engineering Squadron from Camp Perry in Ohio work on building a road at the border in Nogales, Ariz., in 2008. (AP Photo/Ross D. Franklin, file)Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen speaks during the daily press briefing at the White House, Wednesday, April 4, 2018, in Washington. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci) WASHINGTON — Asserting the situation had reached “a point of crisis,” President Donald Trump on Wednesday signed a proclamation directing the deployment of the National Guard to the U.S.-Mexico border to fight illegal immigration. “The lawlessness that continues at our southern border is fundamentally incompatible … [Read more...] about Trump signs proclamation directing National Guard to secure border
Asserting the situation had reached "a point of crisis," President Donald Trump on Wednesday signed a proclamation directing the deployment of the National Guard to the U.S.-Mexico border to fight illegal immigration."The lawlessness that continues at our southern border is fundamentally incompatible with the safety, security, and sovereignty of the American people," Trump wrote in a memo authorizing the move, adding that his administration had "no choice but to act."The announcement came hours after Trump pledged "strong action today" on immigration and a day after he said he announced he wanted to use the military to secure the southern border until his long-promised, stalled border wall is erected.Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen said she had been working with governors of the southwest border states to develop agreements on where and how many Guardsmen will be deployed.She suggested some troops could begin arriving as soon as Wednesday night, though other administration … [Read more...] about Trump signs order sending National Guard to U.S.-Mexico border