The Ontario Court of Appeal has emphatically rejected “harassment” as a freestanding tort, at least in employment cases — but it didn’t close the door on the tort forever.In refusing to recognize the tort at this time, the court rejected the argument made by the plaintiff’s lawyer in Merrifield v. Canada (Attorney General) that the new tort was necessary because of society’s increased “recognition that harassment is wrongful conduct.”“It was apparent that the court didn’t want to have these kinds of claims brought into court at this time,” says Laura Young of Laura Young Law Offices in Toronto, who represented Peter Merrifield. “So, harassed employees are now stuck with proving intentional infliction of mental suffering.” Ultimately, the court found that there was no compelling policy rationale to recognize the tort of harassment.“While it is true that there is increased and long-overdue societal … [Read more...] about Court of Appeal rejects recognizing tort of harassment
Where is international court of justice
Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko announced on Monday that his country has begun drafting a lawsuit against Russia with the International Court of Justice (ICJ), a global tribunal open only to state actors, for the illegal seizure of Ukrainian ships at that mouth of the Sea of Azov in late November. The Kerch Strait, the link between the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea, is flanked by Russian territory to its east and the Crimean peninsula on its west, legally part of Ukraine but invaded and annexed by Russia in 2014. Russia illegally built a bridge over the Kerch Strait to control all maritime traffic into the Sea of Azov, giving Moscow the power to cut off key Ukrainian ports like Mariupol from the greater economic community.In late November, the Russians apprehended Ukrainian sailors and seized three ships attempting to enter the Sea of Azov through the Kerch Strait. The arrests occurred after Russian ships rammed the Ukrainian ships, injuring at least three of the … [Read more...] about Ukraine to Take Russia to International Court over Crimea Ship Seizures
World International Affairs Romanian senators voted on Tuesday to approve a law that could make it impossible for same-sex marriages to be legalized. Romania’s constitution states that marriage is between two “spouses,” but a 2016 petition signed by 3 million people called for a referendum to redefine marriage as being between “a man and a woman.” According to Romanian law, the constitution can be changed if at least 500,000 citizens back a proposal. A woman holds a sign in Romanian that reads "The traditional family is in danger, come together to defend it!" during a protest against same-sex relations in Bucharest on May 20, 2017. Three million people signed a petition in 2016 calling for a referendum to define marriage as being between a man and a woman. Daniel Mihailescu/AFP/Getty Romanian senators agreed when they voted 107-13 in favor of the referendum—with seven abstentions—after the same measure passed the … [Read more...] about Romania Wants to Ban Same-Sex Marriage, but Where Does the Rest of Europe Stand?
Iran on Monday ratcheted up both its threats and its pleas for rescue from American sanctions, belligerently claiming complete control of the Persian Gulf and seeking to expel the U.S. Navy while demanding European nations promise to alleviate sanctions against its banking and oil industries. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has been working the phones and demanding European nations step forward with commitments to shield Iranian oil sales, bank transactions, and other vital industries. On Monday, he placed a call to French President Emmanuel Macron, who conspicuously declined to offer the unconditional support Rouhani wanted, much as the Germans previously demurred.“Iran has acted upon all its promises in the nuclear agreement and, with attention to the one-sided withdrawal of America … expects the remaining partners to operate their programs more quickly and transparently,” Rouhani told Macron, as quoted by Reuters. Macron’s response was lukewarm: Macron … [Read more...] about Iran Claims to Control Persian Gulf, ‘No Need for Presence of Aliens Like the U.S.’
"Hi, so sorry to bother you," she said cheerfully before diving into her spiel. "My name is Emma Collum. I'm running for state House rep for the district, so I'm just coming around to meet the neighbors and say hello. Is it OK if I leave my literature and you do your due diligence?" The homeowner grunted, "Yeah," so Collum handed over a brochure showing her smiling in front of the New River. Then she was off to the next address — a light-blue house with a mooning gnome on the front porch — to try to win another vote. By her best guess, this was at least door number 7,000 she's knocked on since last October, when she launched her campaign against a better-known Republican in District 93, a seat long held by the GOP. Just a couple of years ago, Collum would never have pictured herself running for office. Sure, she'd worked as a legislative aide before becoming an attorney. But she'd always been content to work behind the scenes. Then Donald Trump won the election, and … [Read more...] about Anti-Trump Fervor Is Driving Dozens of Florida Women to Run for Office