Historically individual states have been responsible for determining liability laws and now the rules for highly automated vehicles. However, this creates a coordination issue as individual states determine their own individual rules. According to the NHTSA Federal Automated Vehicle Policy, states should allocate liability among highly automated vehicle owners, operators, passengers, manufacturers, and others when a crash occurs. The likely question to be raised is, if a highly automated vehicle is determined to be at fault in a car accident, then who will be held liable? Furthermore, it creates an issue if individual states set liability and fault levels at varying thresholds, with little coordination, leaving manufacturers, drivers, and suppliers scrambling when their product crosses state lines. … [Read more...] about Car Accidents Involving Autonomous Cars, Who is Liable?
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Investment Management Division of the Department of the State Treasurer of North Carolina (which manages the assets of the Teachers’ and State Employees’ Retirement System, the Consolidated Judicial Retirement System, the Firemen’s and Rescue Workers’ Pension Fund, the Local Governmental Employees’ Retirement System, the Legislative Retirement System and the North Carolina National Guard Pension Fund) … [Read more...] about Questions and Answers on State and Local Variations on the SEC Pay-to-Play Rule
The Supreme Court upheld Greece’s prayer practice as consistent with the First Amendment. In so doing, the Court noted the long tradition of legislative prayer, which previous Supreme Court decisions have found to be a tolerable acknowledgement of widely held beliefs. The Court emphasized that in examining this issue, courts should not concern themselves with the content of the prayer so long as the prayer opportunity is not exploited to proselytize or advance any one, or to disparage any other, faith or belief. The Court noted that Greece town officials made reasonable efforts to identify all the congregations within its borders and welcomed any minister or layman who wished to give a prayer. The fact that most of the congregations in town—and thus most of the ministers who prayed—were Christian does not change the analysis. So long as the town maintains a policy of nondiscrimination, the Constitution does not require it to search beyond its borders for non-Christian … [Read more...] about Constitutional Legal Updates for Government Entities Covering May and June 2014
The practice took hold in New York City in the 1830s and became immensely popular among post-Civil War whites. In fact, the Jim Crow laws that enforced racial segregation in the South took their name from a character played by blackface performer Thomas Dartmouth Rice. He said his act "Jump, Jim Crow" (or "Jumping Jim Crow") was inspired by a slave he saw. … [Read more...] about People of color angry, not surprised, by blackface scandal
Whatever the reasons for the migrant surge, there is a growing consensus that federal border resources are overwhelmed. While illegal border crossings are still down sharply from their peak in 2000, they have nonetheless reached a 12-year high. And while most illegal border crossers used to be single Mexican nationals coming to the U.S. in search of work, more than half are now parents and children who have traveled from Central America to seek refuge in the U.S. … [Read more...] about Trump Struggles With a Growing Problem at the Border