In September 2016, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) released a Federal Automated Vehicles Policy which adopted the Society of Automotive Engineers (“SAE”) classification levels for automation. The SAE developed a five point scale to classify levels of automation based on the required input of the human driver or occupant. The scale goes from level zero, denoting full human control, to level five, denoting fully autonomous vehicle requiring no human input. Cruise control is considered level one, while “partial automation”, including parking assist, lane departure warning, and automatic breaking, is considered level two. Although Tesla’s “Autopilot” feature begins to break the threshold of level two and move into level three, it continues to require human input and monitoring to operate. Highly automated vehicles fall between levels three and five. … [Read more...] about Car Accidents Involving Autonomous Cars, Who is Liable?
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South Carolina Retirement System Investment Commission (which invests the assets of the South Carolina Retirement System, South Carolina Police Officers Retirement System, Retirement System for Judges and Solicitors of the State of South Carolina, Retirement System for Members of the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina and the National Guard Retirement System) … [Read more...] about Questions and Answers on State and Local Variations on the SEC Pay-to-Play Rule
The Ninth Circuit also found that a jury could find for George on his Fourth Amendment claim. In evaluating a nonconsensual physical body search, courts examine three factors: (1) the extent to which the procedure may threaten the individual’s safety or health; (2) the extent of intrusion on the individual’s interests in privacy and bodily integrity; and (3) the community’s interest in fairly and accurately determining guilt and innocence. See Winston v. Lee, 470 U.S. 753 (1985). Weighing these factors, a jury could find that Dr. Edholm’s nonconsensual search of George’s body violated the Fourth Amendment. First, although the procedures presented only a slight danger to George’s health and safety, the anoscopy caused him significant pain and bleeding that persisted after he left the hospital. Second, the procedures were highly intrusive and humiliating. The search invaded George’s anus, nostrils, throat, stomach, and intestines, and … [Read more...] about Constitutional Legal Updates for Government Entities Covering May and June 2014
"With that, you have a literal reference to racial terrorism," Garibaldi said. "It's never just blackface. There's always something that makes this just that much more frightening — the Klan, exclusion from school, a job. It's a whole kind of comprehensive white supremacy, not just a particular sort of image or remark. It's a structure that needs to be challenged." … [Read more...] about People of color angry, not surprised, by blackface scandal
In the meantime, tensions between agencies and at the White House have been bubbling up. At the Department of Homeland Security, officials have expressed frustration with colleagues at the department of Health and Human Services and at the Pentagon, accusing them of doing too little to help. And there are complaints about the White House and what some see as an effort by Miller to dismantle the leadership of the department, in part to shift the blame away from the White House. … [Read more...] about Trump Struggles With a Growing Problem at the Border