In City of Los Angeles v. Patel, the Supreme Court invalidated a Los Angeles law that allowed law enforcement officials to inspect hotel and motel guest registries at any time, without a warrant or administrative subpoena. The Court ruled that the law violated hotel owners’ Fourth Amendment rights because it “penalizes them for declining to turn over their records without affording them any opportunity for pre-compliance review.”In reaching its decision, the Court also announced two findings with implications for future lawsuits brought under the Fourth Amendment:Facial challenges to statutes are permitted under the Fourth AmendmentHotels and motels do not fall under the “pervasively regulated” exception to the warrant requirementThe law at issue, Los Angeles Municipal Code § 41.49, requires hotel and motel operators to collect and store a variety of information about their guests. This information includes their name, address, number of people in … [Read more...] about Supreme Court Invalidates Los Angeles Law Authorizing Warrantless Searches of Hotel Records
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If you are like most people in Los Angeles, you likely view your time spent at beauty or nail salons or at tattoo parlors as a time to relax and be pampered. While most salons and parlors comply with the state’s regulations governing them and are safe, some salons and parlors do not. In some cases, patrons at beauty and nail salons or at tattoo parlors may suffer serious injuries or infections because of the owners’ failures to follow safety and hygiene regulations for their businesses. People may also suffer injuries due to the negligent or reckless actions of their operators. If you have suffered an injury or contracted an infection that you believe was caused by the actions of your cosmetologist, esthetician or tattoo artist, an experienced personal injury attorney in Los Angeles may work to recover damages to compensate you.Causes and types of injuries at salons and tattoo parlorsThere are several types of injuries that can happen at beauty and nail salons and tattoo … [Read more...] about Beauty Nail Salon Tattoo Parlor Injury Los Angeles
For two nations sharing a language and legal history, the contrast in the visions at play in the legal systems of the United States and United Kingdom is more than striking. It’s revolutionary.The debates in the U.S. go on: Should ethics rules blocking nonlawyer ownership of law firms be lifted? Is the current definition of unlicensed law practice harming rather than protecting clients? What about the restrictions on multidisciplinary practices?And those debates are by no means ending: Witness the newly created ABA Commission on the Future of Legal Services. Though ABA President William C. Hubbard does not mention ethics rule changes in the commission’s primary task of identifying the most innovative practices being used in the U.S. to deliver legal services, some of those practices have been questioned as possible ethical breaches. Meanwhile, the rules and restrictions stay in place. The situation in the United Kingdom couldn’t be more different: Such restrictions … [Read more...] about Does the UK know something we don’t about alternative business structures?
In a win for privacy advocates, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a City of Los Angeles municipal ordinance permitting warrantless police searches of hotel registries is unconstitutional. The subject ordinance (Los Angeles Municipal Code section 41.49 3(a)) required hotel operators to hand over their guests’ information – including credit card numbers, home addresses, driver’s license details and vehicle license numbers – upon request to any Los Angeles Police Department officer. Noncompliance with the ordinance was a misdemeanor punishable by up to six months in jail and a $1,000 fine.In City of Los Angeles v. Patel, in a 5–4 decision, the Court held that the ordinance’s disclosure requirement violated the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, because the ordinance penalized the operators for declining to turn over their records without affording them any opportunity for pre-compliance review.This case began in 2003, when a group of motel … [Read more...] about U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Privacy Rights for Los Angeles Hotel Operators
Photographers face unique issues that must be carefully considered to ensure a continued market for the creative output and to preserve the artistic reputation. Prudently managed business affairs will minimize problems commonly encountered when closing down a studio and during the transition of business affairs from the photographer’s life to the photographer’s estate.First, there is the issue of care for the physical works, the critical planning for the inventory, conservation and storage of the photographer’s works. Second is the issue of advantageously placing the photographer’s works; which works should be preserved, which donated, and when, where, how, including considering a sale or donation to a publicly-accessible archive as a permanent home for papers and other materials. This naturally leads to the third issue, prudent sales; how much and what part of the inventory should be released for sale each year and through what means? Is this the moment to … [Read more...] about The Artist’s Legacy – Business and Legal Planning Issues