Rick Noack, The Washington Post Published 6:16 am PST, Friday, November 9, 2018 Almost half of all countries have fertility rates below the replacement level, according to an unprecedented study published by The Lancet journal. While there was not a single nation with a fertility rate below the 2.05 threshold back in 1950, the global average is now only 2.4 - down from 4.7 about 70 years ago. Differences between nations have become more pronounced, with some European countries having record-low rates down to one child per woman on average, compared to more than six children in some African nations. If you live in a poorer nation with high fertility rates, a decrease would likely be a reason for celebration. Lower fertility rates are often the result of fewer child deaths, easily accessible contraception and prosperous economies, which explains why Europe, North America and richer Asian nations like Japan are disproportionately affected. In countries with … [Read more...] about Fertility rates around the world are declining. Trump supporters won’t like the solution.
Decline in fertility rates
(The Conversation is an independent and nonprofit source of news, analysis and commentary from academic experts.) Caroline Sten Hartnett, University of South Carolina (THE CONVERSATION) The Centers for Disease Control reported this month that the number of births in the U.S. is down 2 percent – “the lowest number in 30 years.” These reports were met with surprise and alarm. ScienceAlert, for example, led with the headline “U.S. Fertility Rates Have Plummeted Into Uncharted Territory, and Nobody Knows Why.” However, this recent decline fits with global trends and isn’t unprecedented in U.S. history. As a demographer who studies fertility trends, what strikes me as anomalous is not the recent drop, but the previous high fertility “bubble.” The U.S. maintained surprisingly high fertility rates for a long time. After the baby boom of the 1950s and 1960s, fertility in the U.S. and other wealthy countries fell during the 1970s. However, the … [Read more...] about US fertility is dropping. Here’s why some experts saw it coming
The Italian Statistics Bureau (ISTAT) has released demographic forecasts for the country predicting a steadily declining population due to a birthrate well below replacement levels. From 60.6 million in 2017, Italy’s population is expected to fall by more than ten percent over the next several decades to just 54.1 million in 2065, ISTAT stated in its May 2018 report. This drop will occur despite increased life expectancy, which is projected to grow by 5 years for both genders, reaching 86.1 years and 90.2 years, respectively for men and women (80.6 and 85 years in 2016), ISTAT said.The fertility rate in Italy is currently 1.34 children per woman, significantly below the replacement level of roughly 2.1 children per woman. Globally, Italy is ranked 212 out of 223 countries for new live births as a percentage of the total population, with just 8.6 live births per 1000 citizens. Since Italians are having fewer and fewer babies, the only thing holding keeping the population … [Read more...] about Italian Government Forecasts Demographic Plunge by 2065
China’s state-run media was keenly interested in a Monday column from Bloomberg News reporting that Beijing is thinking about scrapping its 40-year-old family planning policy and allowing Chinese citizens to have as many children as they want. According to Bloomberg, China’s State Council – roughly equivalent to a presidential cabinet – is researching the repercussions of lifting the restrictions on family size and could announce the end of birth limits as early as the fourth quarter of 2018. One of the sources for the report said China’s leadership “wants to reduce the pace of aging in China’s population and remove a source of international criticism.” In other words, China is embarrassed by international criticism of its authoritarian policies. Also, as a subsequent Bloomberg op-ed put it, “China doesn’t want to become the next Japan.” Japan is coping with a demographic collapse unlike anything seen in the modern … [Read more...] about Chinese Media Foreshadows End of Family Planning Policies
Libya On October 17th, members of the United Nations (U.N.) Security Council urged all Libyan parties to endorse and sign the recently finalized political agreement for the creation of a Government of National Accord. The Security Council reiterated the agreement offers a real prospect for resolving Libya’s political, security, and institutional challenges. It also noted the Libya Sanctions Committee is prepared to designate those who threaten Libya’s peace, stability, and security or who undermine the successful completion of its political transition. On October 19th, the Foreign Ministers of Algeria, France, Germany, Morocco, Qatar, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), the United Kingdom (U.S) and the United States (U.S.), as well as the European Union (EU) High Representative for Foreign Affairs, called on all parties to the Libyan Political Dialogue to immediately approve the political agreement brokered by U.N. Special Representative for Libya … [Read more...] about Africa Update OCTOBER 22, 2015