In a 2011 study, participants were assessed on how they responded to three distinct climate change message frames: 1) a traditional environmental frame, 2) a national security frame and 3) a health frame.[xvi] The first frame emphasizes the risk to various ecosystems, the second frame emphasizes the threat to U.S. national security and the third emphasizes the risk to human health. The participants in the study were divided into six categories termed “Global Warming’s Six Americas.” This information was based off an earlier study that found that American climate change perceptions can be divided into 6 distinct categories running along a continuum. The six categories were the alarmed (18%), the concerned (33%), the cautious (19%), the disengaged (12%), the doubtful (11%) and the dismissive (7%). The alarmed were engaged in the issue and felt and were looking for ways to be proactive on the issue, while the dismissive deny the existence of climate change and are … [Read more...] about Reframing Climate Change: A Public Health-based Climate Change Framework
Ddt cancer risk
Expanded Access Policy. The Act requires pharmaceutical companies to have publicly accessible compassionate use policies for drugs treating serious or life-threatening conditions. Compassionate use (also known as expanded access) allows physicians to request FDA approval of the use of an investigational drug outside of a clinical trial when a patient is terminally ill or has no other treatment options. However, this process cannot begin without cooperation by the pharmaceutical company producing the drug, hence the provision. … [Read more...] about Senate Passes 21st Century Cures Act, but Can It Cure an Ailing FDA?
The Act adds language to the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Provisions (42 U.S.C. Part 2) that both a woman who received a vaccine while pregnant as well as the child in utero (i.e., fetus) will be considered “persons” who were administered/received the vaccine, and both can file petitions for compensation. The definition of “child” referenced includes any child “born alive,” as defined to include “complete expulsion or extraction from his or her mother of that member, at any stage of development, who after such expulsion or extraction breathes or has a beating heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, regardless of whether the umbilical cord has been cut, and regardless of whether the expulsion or extraction occurs as a result of natural or induced labor, cesarean section, or induced abortion.” For purposes of claim eligibility, it will now be important for births to be documented in medical … [Read more...] about 21st Century Cures Act’s Effect on Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industries