It is also very essential for the entrepreneurs to know and understand the contents of each and every contract signed by them. A simple mistake of including the promoter's name along witht the name of the company can also expose the promoter to be personally liable along with the company, even though the company is a limited liability company. Thus, you should draft your contracts to avoid controversies--they should state very clearly who has agreed to what. By this way, potential litigation can be avoided. Similarly, regularly missing on tax payments and non-professional help with respect to tax related issues often bring heavy discomfort to startups, as only the professionals are aware of the nitty gritty of tax related issues. As we have already seen an abrupt risein IPR violations cases, the startups must take proper parameter vis-à-vis IPR registration, whether it be Trademark, Patent or Copyright, so that protection of such Intellectual property can … [Read more...] about Steps To Avoid Legal Hurdles In Start-Ups
2018 far aim pdf
The growth of state green chemistry laws and state chemical bans has been attributed, at least in part, to a national chemical approval regime that many felt was outmoded. Last year’s enactment (after years of negotiation) of a law reforming the nation’s primary chemical safety regulation, the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), may eventually slow or halt the expansion of new requirements. The Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act (Pub. L. 114–176) (commonly referred to as the Lautenberg Chemical Safety Act or LCSA), passed on June 22, 2016, clarified EPA’s authority under TSCA. LCSA provides the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) with a consistent source of funding to carry out evaluations of health risks posed by specific chemicals. The new law also establishes a preemption scheme which, while not as broad in scope as preemption provisions in some other laws, gives EPA the ability to preempt certain state laws. This may not, … [Read more...] about Green Chemistry in 2017: The State of the States
Chris Jones-Pauly, Dr. phil. (Comparative Law, London), Dr. jur. (Harvard, public international law) has studied and field researched the laws of the peoples of, Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania and of more than 25 peoples of South Sudan, organizing there five Councils of Traditional Authority Leaders and one in Nuba Mountains, careful to distinguish between what is law and what is misapplication of the law. Often the misapplied law is taken as the law in certain assessments of the indigenous laws. She has been an Associate Professor at the University of Nairobi, Harvard Law School, the Oxford University Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, the Universities of Bonn, Bielefeld and Bayreuth. She also serves as independent consultant/advisor for numerous UN and bilateral donor organizations in justice reform, gender equality, human rights, social protection, constitutionalism. … [Read more...] about Misunderstanding Indigenous Legal Values in South Sudan
Pakistan emerged as an important military collaborator with North Korea in the 1970s. Bilateral nuclear assistance began when scientists from the two countries were both in Iran working on ballistic missiles during the Iran-Iraq War (1980–1988). In the 1990s, North Koreaacquired access to Pakistani centrifuge technology and designs from scientistAbdul Qadeer Khan, who had directed the militarization of Pakistan's nuclear program. Pyongyang also received designs for a uranium warhead that Pakistan had likely obtained from China. In exchange, Pakistan received North Korean missile technology. It remains unclear whether Khan acted directly or indirectly on the behalf of the Pakistani government. (Khan's multinational network also illicitly sold nuclear technology and material to buyers, including Iran and Libya.) The nuclear know-how gained from Pakistan likely enabled North Korea to pursue a uranium route to the bomb and operatecentrifuges. … [Read more...] about Here’s a look at North Korea’s nuclear power and what it would take to dismantle it
Similar to India is the practice in the USA where the Stored Communications Act (18 U. S. C. §2703) empowers the government to subpoena and seize the communication records of an individual from phone service providers. This procedure has been in practice since 1986 and has continued to exist till today. However, the Supreme Court of the United States has recently over-ruled this position under the Stored Communications Act and laid down new procedures for Central Government to requisition communication records of an individual. The Supreme Court in Timothy v. USA, 585 U. S. (2018) has read Fourth Amendment Rights into the Stored Communications Act and provided that an ex-parte judicial hearing is a must if such records are sought by the Government. This development gives rise to a need to revisit and re-examine the existing legislation and related rules for interception of a communication in India. This examination becomes even more crucial since the Supreme Court in Justice … [Read more...] about Phone Tapping In India: A Need To Revisit Law?