IN late 2010 a sequence of events began in the Arab world which saw autocratic and corrupt regimes overthrown. The uprisings became known as the Arab Spring and saw a frustrated generation vent their fury on their leaders. Here’s what you need to know about the events that still shape our world. Tunisia It is widely accepted that the events of the Arab Spring began in December 19, 2010 when a Tunisian named Mohamed Bouazizi set himself on fire. The unemployed 26-year-old had reached the end of his tether after being banned from selling fruit to earn living in the town of Sidi Bouzid. Around 300 people were killed during the subsequent unrest, which forced Zine al-Abidine Ben Al Ben Ali to resign in January 2011, after 23 years in power, and go into exile in Saudi Arabia. He was later sentenced to life in prison in absentia. In October 2011, Tunisia held its first democratic parliamentary elections. Egypt The next significant protests came in Egypt when hundreds of thousands of … [Read more...] about What was the Arab Spring? A timeline of events from Syria and Egypt to Tunisia and Yemen
THE Black Sea shipwreck was discovered by a team of European researchers. Their exploration unearthed more than 60 shipwrecks, including Roman trading ships and a 17th century Cossack raiding fleet. Here's what you need to know. What is the Black Sea shipwreck? The Black Sea shipwreck is a forgotten vessel that was discovered at the bottom of the Black Sea. Professor Adams, who is Black Sea Maritime Archaeology Project (Black Sea MAP)'s principal investigator, said: "A ship, surviving intact, from the Classical world, lying in over 2km of water, is something I would never have believed possible. "This will change our understanding of shipbuilding and seafaring in the ancient world." Its original shape had not been compromised despite millennia at the bottom of the sea, with a mast and rudder still clearly visible. How old is the ancient vessel? The vessel was taken for tests and carbon, and was dated to 400BC, making it the "oldest intact shipwreck known to mankind". Their … [Read more...] about What is the Black Sea shipwreck, how old is the ancient vessel, who found it and where was it found?
AT 9.15am on Friday, October 21, 1966, a disaster struck a small Welsh mining community which would devastate the village for a generation. Aberfan, the name of the village, is now synonymous with tragedy after 116 children and 28 adults lost their lives as they were crushed or drowned in coal slurry. More than 150,000 tonnes of thick black coal, shale and water engulfed the village, wiping out most of the pupils at Pantglas Junior School. The incident was a national tragedy which prompted visits from the Queen and the Prime Minister along with donations from around the world. How did it happen? The disaster unfolded after millions of cubic metres of excavated mining debris from the Merthyr Vale Colliery came thundering down the hillside. The waste material had been piled high on the side of Mynydd Merthyr - above the village of Aberfan - for years even though there were numerous underground springs below. At 9.15am on a foggy October 21, 20ft of material from Tip Number Seven became … [Read more...] about What was the Aberfan disaster, when did happen and how many people were killed?
SCHOOLCHILDREN across the country have now broken up for half term and are enjoying a week away from the classroom. After they return from their week off, the next round of holidays in the 2018/2019 academic year will be Christmas. When does half term finish? School holiday dates in the UK can vary between the different local education authorities but most English schools broke up for half term on October 19. They enjoy a week off school before returning in around October 29. What are the school holiday and half term dates for the rest of the 2018/2019 academic year? Again, school holiday and term time dates can vary depending on which part of the country you live in. The dates below are just a rough guide, but check your local council website for the exact dates. Autumn half term: Monday, October 22, 2018 - Friday, October 26, 2018. Autumn term: Monday, October 29, 2018 - Wednesday, December, 19, 2018 Christmas break: Thursday, December 20, 2018 - Wednesday, January 2, 2019 Spring … [Read more...] about When does October half term end and when do schools break up for the Christmas holidays?
WILLIAM Cecil, The First Baron Burghley, was a trusted adviser to Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign. He was instrumental in beginning the creation of a Protestant Britain and was one of Her Majesty's top spy chiefs. Who was William Cecil? William Cecil was born in Bourne, Lincs., in 1520 to the Earl of Salisbury. As the only son, he went to school in Grantham and then Stamford before going to Cambridge University when he was 14-years-old. He then embarked on a career as a judge before moving into politics becoming the Parliamentary representative for the family seat of Stamford. He was also for a time charged with administrating the lands of Princess Elizabeth, who would later become Elizabeth I. What did he do for Elizabeth I? Cecil was the chief adviser to Elizabeth I for most of her time on the throne. He was Secretary of State twice and also became the Lord High treasurer and Lord Privy Seal, two posts he would hold until his death. While serving Elizabeth he created a large … [Read more...] about Who was William Cecil? Elizabeth I adviser who hunted Catholic traitors and created an espionage network to protect his queen