EMMANUEL Macron won the French presidential election barely a year after he launched his political movement.
But who is the leader who famously married his former teacher, and whose rule has prompted the worst rioting in Paris for decades?
Who is Emmanuel Macron?
Emmanuel Macron won the French Presidential election for his centrist party La République En Marche! (On the Move) in May 2017.
He came to power at the age of 39, making him the youngest president in the history of France.
Macron, 40, was an investment banker and economy minister under the Socialist Party’s François Hollande.
He was even dubbed the outgoing president’s political protégé, before he broke away and founded En Marche! in April 2016.
He has cast himself as a maverick outsider to the political system, but he was criticised for detailing few policies during the campaign.
En Marche! quick gained 200,000 members during its infancy.
At the age of 15, Macron’s parents, both doctors, sent him to Paris to finish high school in an attempt to break up a relationship with his teacher, Brigitte Trogneux – 24 years his senior.
Macron and Trogneux stayed together and have been married for nine years.
Who is the First Lady Brigitte Trogneux?
Brigitte Trogneux is the daughter of Jean and his wife Simone, and is the youngest of six.
The wealthy family owns a famous French chocolate-making empire.
In June 1974 Trogneux married the banker Andre-Louis Auziere and the couple had three children together.
Emmanuel Macron met his future wife when he was just 15.
When Macron hit the limelight, footage of him kissing his future wife on the cheek – when he was a teen and she was his married teacher 25 years his senior – emerged.
Macron, now 40, shared a classroom at a Catholic school with Brigitte’s daughter Laurence – who is the same age as Macron.
The president married his wife in 2007 after Brigitte’s previous marriage ended in divorce.
When did he found En Marche!?
En Marche! was founded on April 6, 2016, by Macron and means “Forward!” in English.
The president describes his new party as a progressive movement aimed at uniting both left and right.
It is an avowedly pro-European organisation which won an absolute majority in the national assembly following defections from other parties in France.
After Macron was elected president they changed the party to La République en Marche!
What are Emmanuel Macron’s policies?
Macron was frequently criticised for failing to provide detail about his policies.
The pro-EU candidate has repeatedly said he wants to create a new kind of politics without party structures, although how this would be done is unclear.
Among the policies he has detailed are a €50bn investment plan for job training, a shift to renewable energy infrastructure and modernisation.
He also pledged to cut corporation tax, reduce unemployment from 9.7% to 7%, and introduce local housing tax exemptions worth €10billion.
Macron has also proposed a ban on under 15s using phones in school, which will be imposed in September 2018, and would introduce a €500 culture pass for under 18s.
In June 2018, Macron announced plans to bring back compulsory national service for young people in France to “teach them discipline”.
All 16-year-olds would have to take part in some kind of civic duty by enrolling in the army, air force or navy.
How was Macron elected President of France?
Emmanuel Macron and anti-immigration leader Marine Le Pen began a final duel for the French Presidency on April 24, 2017, after a first round of voting knocked out the Republican and Socialist candidates.
The pair squared off in a TV debate just days before France headed to the voting booths, with a survey taken almost immediately afterwards finding 63 per cent of people found Macron was the most convincing, versus 34 per cent for Le Pen.
Going into the final vote, pundits and pollsters expected a comfortable win for Macron, after an election campaign that left France bitterly divided.
When the results were announced, Macron emerged as victor with 65.5% of the vote, way in excess of the 50% required to win.
Macron faces no confidence vote in crisis that could topple two world leaders
Macron surrenders to rioters handing them £90 pay rise and axing overtime
PUTIN FUEL ON THE FIRE
France riots ‘whipped up by Russian trolls sharing fake news’
French ‘Yellow Vest’ protester has hand BLOWN OFF by grenade during violent clash
Paris Riots – who are the ‘yellow vests’ and what do the gilets jaunes want?
How did Macron’s party do in the parliamentary election?
Macron gained a huge majority in the French Parliament for En Marche! in June 2017.
Results from the first-round of voting showed them winning 32.32 per cent – a figure that translated to as many as 430 places in the 577 seat parliament.
This compares to 9.5 per cent of the vote for the Socialist Party (PS), who had just spent the last five years running France, with Francois Hollande as President.
The result had huge implications for Brexit, placing Macron – who vowed to enforce a “hard Brexit” – and his party firmly in the country’s driving seat.
Among the first round casualties on Sunday was Benoit Hamon, who was the PS candidate to replace Mr Hollande.
Marine Le Pen’s far-Right National Front thought they would emerge as the new parliamentary opposition, but polled just 13.2 per cent.
Ms Le Pen blamed a “catastrophic abstention rate”, which saw just over 50 per cent take part in the election – the lowest figure in the history of the Fifth Republic.
How did a protest over fuel taxes become a movement to dethrone Macron?
Violent protests struck Paris over diesel tax rises in November and continued for weeks.
The taxes were intended to move the country towards renewable technology.
Before long the “yellow-vest” protests became a full blown movement against the French PM, calling for his resignation.
By the fourth week of protests, about 136,000 protesters took to the streets on a single Saturday and more than 1,200 were taken into custody.
Windows were smashed and cars set on fire, and Macron’s approval rating slipped into the low 20s.
The movement is born from economic frustration and political distrust from working families – which is unsurprising considering Macron’s first government budget in 2017 was generally pro-business, cut taxes for the rich, and slashed public spending.
- Watch: Trump Embarrasses French President by Awkwardly Wiping Dandruff Off His Collar
- Emmanuel Macron: my handshake with Trump was 'a moment of truth'
- Populist Le Pen Edges Ahead of Globalist Macron as French President’s Approval Hits All-Time Low
- Emmanuel Macron faces shock challenge from within own party in battle for Paris Mayor
- Donald Trump Loves Everything Emmanuel Macron Says Even When He Can't Understand It Because It's In French
- Exclusive — Marine Le Pen: Emmanuel Macron Should ‘Definitely’ Resign, But He ‘Has Neither the Honesty to Do It, Nor the Panache’
- French president inaugurates Jewish center in Paris
- Emmanuel Macron chauffeur accused of fleeing police
- French students protest both Marine Le Pen and Emmanuel Macron
- Election win puts Emmanuel Macron on course to redefine European politics: Burman